Climate change poses itself as a vital issue that brooks no further delay. Given the situation, the World Meteorological Organization set “Climate & Water” as the theme of the day for this year.
At present, rapid climate change caused by global warming is being witnessed in almost all regions of the earth.
In the DPRK, too, the temperature shows the rising tendency due to global warming, and such extreme weather phenomena as heavy rain, typhoon, high temperature, drought and biting cold have become commonplace across the country.
In 2014, some regions of the country were in the grip of drought to record the severest in 100 years, whereas other parts were affected by heavy downpour of rain and vast areas hit by sudden hailstorms in autumn. These were phenomena unprecedented in the country.
In 2018, a torrential rain fell in the Munchon area of Kangwon Province and the Kumchon area of North Hwanghae Province, recording the heaviest since meteorological observation. This winter the temperature rose up higher as against that in the past.
Such abnormal and disastrous meteorological phenomena are affecting bad influences on agriculture, electric-power industry and other sectors of the national economy.
To cope with such climatic conditions and changes, we are now taking measures to put weather forecasts on a modern footing and ensure their accuracy.
We have established a system of forecasting disastrous meteorological phenomena such as heavy rain and the size of hailstones and typhoon tracks and are directing efforts to the prevention of natural calamities by ensuring real-time meteorological observation on the basis of an automatic observation system.
We have set up a real-time flood forecasting system in the Taedong, Amnok and other rivers and are now taking measures to use fresh water of the Taedong River in the dry season so as to prevent damage from flood and drought. Efforts are also directed to making use of underground water.
We are monitoring the volume of water in reservoirs, sluices and weather conditions on a regular basis and promptly send the information to the agricultural, transport and other sectors to ensure that they take appropriate measures.
Pang Sun Nyo, section chief of State Hydro-Meteorological Administration