November 24, 2020
KCNA Uriminzokkiri (En)

Kyongchon Temple Pagoda

Date: 16/11/2020 | Source: Uriminzokkiri (En) | Read original version at source

Kyongchon Temple Pagoda

The Kyongchon Temple Pagoda was erected in 1348 at the end of the Koryo dynasty which existed from 918 to1392.

The pagoda consists of a three-storied pedestal, a ten-storied body and a head. It is 13.5 metres high and 3.12 metres wide at the pedestal. Each storey of the pedestal consists of a middle slab and a pad slab. The pedestal is supported by a foundation stone, and it is tapering upward but a little, so it looks like a single mass.

The body largely divides into two parts according to the shape—three-storied lower one and seven-storied upper one. Each storey consists of a corner stone, body stone and a roofing stone.

The pagoda is of high formative art with varieties of delicate engravings all over its surface.

The roofing stones retain an admirable artistic technique. Those of the first to third storeys are of a gable style in different shapes. The roof of the first storey is projected, and the gable of the second storey is protruded. The third storey has double roofs—the lower one shows the roofing part and the upper one the gable. The seven storeys have a square roof each, tapering gradually upward.

The roofing stones have patterns of circular and square rafters at the bottom. Peculiar is the dragon head-shaped sculpture engraved in the middle of the roof of the third storey.

The pagoda retains the true features of stone pagodas of Koryo. A lot of storeys, a great height and the square or polygonal body are the typical qualities found in stone pagodas at the Pohyon Temple in Mt. Myohyang, the five-storeyed pagoda at the Pulil Temple and the nine-storyed pagoda at the Woljong Temple.

In the early years of occupation (1905) of Korea the Japanese imperialists plundered the Kyongchon Temple Pagoda from Korea and took it to their country. Succumbing to the protest of the Koreans, they brought it back to Korea. However, they did not put it at the original place in Kaesong, but in Seoul, south Korea.

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