Many countries across the world are directing their primary efforts to the development of advanced science and technologies and the training of talented personnel after setting them as main strategies for national development.
China which adopted the development of science and technology as an important task in the overall construction of socialist modernized state tries to make a breakthrough in the basic research field and combine basic research with applications in the socio-economic development and industries. Accordingly, 13 national applied mathematics centres are to be built in several places including Beijing and Shanghai, which will reportedly conduct basic research into such main fields as quantum science and nanotechnology.
The Cuban government unveiled a strategy for nanotechnology development by 2030. On the basis of this, it will produce nano-structures and nano-parts and, in the long run, bring out advanced nano-products. Nanotechnology is being widely introduced into many fields like environment, construction, engineering and chemistry in the country.
In Vietnam, preferential measures were taken to deduct or eliminate taxes on enterprises which contribute to scientific research and technological development, thus inspiring social interest on the development of science and technology.
Russia declared 2021 as the year of science and technology and made clear its stance to steadily support the science sector despite the difficult situation caused by the spread of COVID-19. It also announced the state plan for development of science and technology by 2030 and drew up a new ten-year plan aimed at establishing a management system for improving the potentials of the science sector and economic efficiency of research. To address the shortage of talents in the field of information technology, the country is going to increase the number of students majoring in that field at universities nearly 2.5 times according to a phased plan and include research items on artificial intelligence technology in university courses.
Iran has set forth a task of further accelerating the rate of progress in scientific and technological development in the coming 20 to 30 years, while India enacted a new state policy on education centring on improving practical education on advanced technologies of the 21st century.