May 16, 2022
KCNA Naenara (En)

Thaekniji, Old Book on Economic Geography

Date: 25/01/2022 | Source: Naenara (En) | Read original version at source

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Thaekniji is a book on economic geography, the first of its kind in Korea compiled in the first half of the 18th century.

It is also called Jinyusungnam , Sansurok , Phalyokji , Pakjongji and Chonghwa . It is subdivided into four volumes in one book.

The first volume Saminchongnon writes on the birth and development of such civilians as a scholar, peasant, artisan (handicraftsman) and trader, and the issue of their characters in the relationship with geographical conditions.

The second volume Phaltochongnon describes the general geographical features of Korea and then those of localities. It historically outlines the country’s geographical position in the Asian continent, relations with its neighbouring countries, domestic topographies, location of eight provinces and their history, population, the economy and culture and towns and villages.

The third volume Pokgochongnon , divided into geographical features, mountains and rivers and other categories, writes on the matters relating to the selection of residential districts.

The last volume Chongnon explains the aim of the book’s compilation.

Though the book has some limitations, it helped make new progress in compiling geography books by establishing a geographical theory and system in contents and forms, unlike the preceding geography books in which data were simply enumerated.

It is one of valuable national cultural relics as it played a leading role in developing modern geography of Korea.

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