The “Ulsa Five-point Treaty” was forcibly concluded by the Japanese imperialists on November 17, 1905.
The “treaty” Japan used as a “legal ground” for its military occupation of Korea was an illegal, invalid and fraudulent document as it was fabricated and unilaterally promulgated in wanton violation of the demands and principles of international law.
In November 1905, the Japanese imperialists committed their troops to besiege the Royal Palace of the feudal Joson dynasty in Hansong and forced Korean Emperor Kojong to conclude the “treaty.” As Kojong and many ministers refused to do it, they stole the seal of the Foreign Minister of the feudal Joson dynasty and stamped it on the “treaty” before unilaterally declaring its conclusion.
In his messages to several state leaders, including Czarist Russia, USA and Germany, Kojong said that he never approved the “treaty” nor stamped the Royal Seal on it. In June 1907, he dispatched three emissaries to the Second International Peace Conference held at The Hague, the Netherlands, to disclose the illegality and invalidity of the “treaty.”
According to data, the League of Nations, in a “report on the law of treaty” in 1935, chose the “Ulsa Five-point Treaty” as one of three invalid treaties in the history of concluding international treaties.
The Japanese imperialists invoked the “Ulsa Five-point Treaty” as a “legal basis” in violating the sovereignty of the Korean nation. During their military occupation of Korea (1905-1945), they massacred over one million Koreans and forcibly drafted over 8.4 million to force slave labour on them and drive them as bullet-shields to battlefields. More than 200 000 Korean women were forced to serve as sexual slaves for the Japanese troops.
The Japanese imperialists plundered Korea of its innumerous cultural assets and natural resources.
But Japan has not yet admitted, apologized and compensated for its past crimes. On the contrary, it is hell-bent on the revival of militarism, dreaming the pipedream of the “Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere.”
On October 17, Japanese Prime Minister Kishida made a ritual offering to the Yasukuni Shrine where the name tablets of the war dead are preserved. Next day, about 90 Dietmen of the bipartisan lawmakers federation thronged to the shrine.
Such behaviours astonished the world communities.
It is an intolerable insult to not only the Korean nation but the Asian peoples who had suffered pain inflicted by the Japanese militarists in the early 20th century, as well as a manifestation of reckless confrontation pursued by the Japanese government which has not yet repented of its past crimes.
The more Japan resorts to its wild ambition for militarization while doggedly denying its crime-woven past, the sooner it will face the crisis of self-destruction.