The Grand Monument on Mansu Hill was unveiled in April Juche 61 (1972) on the occasion of the 60th birth anniversary of President Kim Il Sung, founding father of socialist Korea, in order to hand down for all ages his immortal revolutionary exploits and the glorious course covered by the Korean revolution under his leadership.
The statues of the great leaders Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il were newly erected in April Juche 101 (2012) on the occasion of the centenary of the birth of Kim Il Sung.
The grand monument consists of the statues of the great leaders at the centre, flanked by flag-shaped large group sculptures on both sides, “Monument to the Anti-Japanese Revolutionary Struggle” and “Monument to Socialist Revolution and Socialist Construction”.
The stone mosaic mural of Mt Paektu on the facade of the Korean Revolution Museum symbolizes the origin of the revolutionary cause of Juche pioneered in the Paektu forest and the glorious revolutionary tradition of the Workers’ Party of Korea.
The red flags, which are 22.5 metres high and 50 metres long, stand in the centre of group sculptures with an average height of 5 metres.
The “Monument to the Anti-Japanese Revolutionary Struggle” depicts 120 persons showing the struggle for realizing the historic cause of motherland liberation.
In front of the monument stands a group sculpture, which consists of an anti-Japanese revolutionary veteran, a woman revolutionary holding the “Ten-Point Programme of the Association for the Restoration of the Fatherland”, a young bugler and two male and female soldiers of the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army upholding rifles.
Its first side is composed of 5 parts depicting the miserable life of the Korean people under the Japanese colonial rule, the propagation of the revolutionary idea, the living of people in the guerrilla bases, the struggle for founding the Association for the Restoration of the Fatherland and preparations for Party founding, and the armed struggle of the anti-Japanese guerrillas.
The second side is composed of 4 parts showing the struggle of youths and students against the Japanese imperialists, the struggle for gaining weapons, the founding of the Anti-Japanese People’s Guerrilla Army, and the victory in the anti-revolutionary armed struggle.
The “Monument to Socialist Revolution and Socialist Construction” depicts 109 persons showing the remarkable achievements made in socialist construction in a formative and artistic way.
In front of the monument stand a group sculpture, which consists of a worker, intellectual and soldier holding the immortal classic work “Kim Il Sung’s Selected Works” and the torch of Juche written with the letters of “Independent in politics”, “Self-supporting in the economy” and “Self-reliant in national defence”.
Its first side consists of 3 parts showing Kim Il Sung’s historic triumphal return to the country, the enforcement of democratic reforms, and development of socialist culture.
The second side consists of 3 parts showing the struggle of south Koreans and overseas Koreans, the Fatherland Liberation War, and the struggle to implement the self-defensive military line.
All the formative and artistic representations of the Grand Monument on Mansu Hill showcase in an epic way the struggle of the Korean people who have dynamically followed the road of Juche under the wise leadership of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il.