June 27, 2022
KCNA Pyongyang Times

A Korean medical classic and its author

Date: 28/05/2022 | Source: Pyongyang Times | Read original version at source

Be smart about South Korea: Join Korea Pro
Chimgugyonghombang is an old Korean medical book on acupuncture and moxibustion.

Ho Im, a scholar of Koryo medicine in the period of feudal Joson dynasty (1392-1910), brought together the fundamental theories of acupuncture and moxibustion and his long clinical experience and compiled the book by dividing them into 70 items. That’s why it is also called “Hoimchimgugyonghombang”, or a book on Ho Im’s experience of acupuncture and moxibustion.

He began to acquire medical knowledge to cure his parents’ disease as he worked as an odd-job man in a doctor’s home and took a special interest in acupuncture and moxibustion.

In the course of this, he broadened his experience and got the knacks of acupuncture and moxibustion. He became widely known both at home and abroad and was therefore appointed as a court doctor which was a kind of medical officer at the time.

He asserted that medical science could be developed through the combination of theories and practice since the beginning of his medical career. In 1644 he systematized his all medical experience to compile Chimgugyonghombang, the first book specializing in acupuncture and moxibustion in Korea.

The book consists of the general and particulars. The general explains in brief the acupoints physicians may mistake, symptoms of different diseases and their relations with the bowels and meridians, positions and functions of commonly-used 138 acupoints belonging to the 12 hard pulses, methods of applying acupuncture and moxa, indications and contraindications of the therapies, how to set acupoints and 57 extra channels. The particulars follow the original style and systems of the book to give a clear description of the causes and symptoms of various diseases occurring in relevant parts from the head to legs and the intestines and cures for them, while classifying and compiling in a manual style acupuncture and moxibustion methods for internal and surgical treatment and that of infectious diseases, female disorders and children’s diseases.

In the book he not only put together the basics of acupuncture and moxibustion and excellent treatment experiences but corrected the acupoints and applying methods the preceding medical books misled and revealed new acupoints with high efficiency.

He also came up with a unique tonification and excess-curbing method based on his view that patients respond differently according to how the needles are inserted.

In case a needle is to be inserted five phuns (a phun is equivalent to 0.119 inch) deep, a doctor pricks it two phuns deep first, another two phuns after a while and finally one phun after a little interval and gets a patient to take a breath before plucking out the needle at one try and rubbing the acupoint to save the spirit. And another one is that the doctor inserts the needle five phuns deep at one time and plucks up it two phuns at each interval and makes a patient breathe out before removing it without rubbing the acupoint. The former is a method for tonification and the latter for excess-curbing.

The book shows well the development of acupuncture and moxibustion in Korea at that time and made a great contribution to the later development of the therapies. The tonification and excess-curbing method he developed is still being applied in practice.

More From Pyongyang Times

Mine conducts huge blasting

Mine conducts huge blasting

The Sunchon Limestone Mine, which provides raw materials to the Sunchon Cement Complex, carried out a 170 000-cubic-metre blasting

June 24, 2022

The Sunchon Limestone Mine, which provides raw materials to the Sunchon Cement Complex, carried out a 170 000-cubic-metre blasting

Vegetable farm actively applies advanced technology

Vegetable farm actively applies advanced technology

The Jangchon Vegetable Cooperative Farm in Sadong District of Pyongyang produces large quantities of such vegetable-fruits as

June 24, 2022

The Jangchon Vegetable Cooperative Farm in Sadong District of Pyongyang produces large quantities of such vegetable-fruits as

New model local-industry factories appear in Kangwon Province

New model local-industry factories appear in Kangwon Province

New model local-industry factories were inaugurated in Kimhwa County, Kangwon Province, namely a foodstuff factory, a garment

June 24, 2022

New model local-industry factories were inaugurated in Kimhwa County, Kangwon Province, namely a foodstuff factory, a garment

COVID-19 situation in DPRK

COVID-19 situation in DPRK

Over 11 010 people contracted fever and more than 13 890 fully recovered in the DPRK from 18:00 on June 22 to 18:00 on June 23. A

June 24, 2022

Over 11 010 people contracted fever and more than 13 890 fully recovered in the DPRK from 18:00 on June 22 to 18:00 on June 23. A

To develop universal medical service

To develop universal medical service

Emergency anti-epidemic and public health sectors are concentrating on the research and practice in their efforts to stabilize the

June 24, 2022

Emergency anti-epidemic and public health sectors are concentrating on the research and practice in their efforts to stabilize the

Greenhouse vegetable production doubles

Greenhouse vegetable production doubles

“This year our farm is putting great efforts into improving soil fertility to meet the specific features of intercropping-based

June 24, 2022

“This year our farm is putting great efforts into improving soil fertility to meet the specific features of intercropping-based

COVID-19 situation in DPRK

COVID-19 situation in DPRK

Over 13 100 people contracted fever and more than 16 480 fully recovered in the DPRK from 18:00 on June 21 to 18:00 on June 22. A

June 23, 2022

Over 13 100 people contracted fever and more than 16 480 fully recovered in the DPRK from 18:00 on June 21 to 18:00 on June 22. A

'Kkotmangul' products find their way to babies during lockdown

'Kkotmangul' products find their way to babies during lockdown

The Eighth Political Bureau Meeting of the Eighth Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea on May 12 analyzed the epidemic

June 23, 2022

The Eighth Political Bureau Meeting of the Eighth Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea on May 12 analyzed the epidemic

Cyclic walleye pollack farming method set up

Cyclic walleye pollack farming method set up

The Komalsan Atlantic Salmon Offshore Fish Farm succeeded in collecting eggs from artificially bred walleye pollack. “It was no

June 23, 2022

The Komalsan Atlantic Salmon Offshore Fish Farm succeeded in collecting eggs from artificially bred walleye pollack. “It was no

Army medics strive to defend people’s lives, safety

Army medics strive to defend people’s lives, safety

At the consultative meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea on May 15, a special o

June 23, 2022

At the consultative meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea on May 15, a special o

Aid materials go to South Hwanghae from different parts of country

Aid materials go to South Hwanghae from different parts of country

Families of senior officials of Pyongyang municipal, North Phyongan provincial, Anak county and Kusong city committees of the

June 23, 2022

Families of senior officials of Pyongyang municipal, North Phyongan provincial, Anak county and Kusong city committees of the

To develop our farm into better place to live in

To develop our farm into better place to live in

During his visit to the Jangchon Vegetable Cooperative Farm in June 2014, the respected Comrade Kim Jong Un unfolded a

June 23, 2022

During his visit to the Jangchon Vegetable Cooperative Farm in June 2014, the respected Comrade Kim Jong Un unfolded a

Efficient nutritive feed additive developed

Efficient nutritive feed additive developed

The feed additive institute under the Pyongyang Poultry Production Bureau has recently developed a nutritive feed additive, which

June 23, 2022

The feed additive institute under the Pyongyang Poultry Production Bureau has recently developed a nutritive feed additive, which

Cuban president calls for striving to solve electricity problem

Cuban president calls for striving to solve electricity problem

Cuban President Miguel Mario Diaz-Canel Bermudez recently called for making efforts to solve the serious electricity problem of

June 22, 2022

Cuban President Miguel Mario Diaz-Canel Bermudez recently called for making efforts to solve the serious electricity problem of

More Articles