April 22, 2024
KCNA Pyongyang Times

Jongwoldaeborum and national customs

Date: 24/02/2024 | Source: Pyongyang Times | Read original version at source

Jongwoldaeborum (the fifteenth day of the first month by the lunar calendar) is one of the traditional holidays of the Korean people.

It was usually celebrated from January 14 by the lunar calendar which was called small full-moon day and the following day was called big full-moon day.

From time immemorial, the Korean people held various interesting events on the holiday, reflecting their simple desire for good luck and good harvest in the new year.

According to Jo Myong Chol, researcher at the Folklore Institute of the Academy of Social Sciences, such events included hwajoknori on small full-moon day and welcoming the first full moon on big full-moon day.

On small full-moon day, people stood a long pole and hung different kinds of grains on it, and the pole was called hwajok or pole of cereal stack.

They usually hung on the pole ears of rice, millet, foxtail millet and so on and an opened cotton fruit on the top of them in cotton growing areas.

The pole was put up in the garden or behind the cattle shed and children sang dancing around it.

That day, there took place a major event signalling the start of farming and there was also a custom of spreading paddy and dry fields with manure early on the morning of the day.

The custom reflecting a desire of the Koreans to gather a good harvest by working hard in the new year shows their assiduity.

On the evening of big full-moon day, people went up a high mountain or hill around their villages to view the full moon, which was called welcoming the first full moon.

People said that many good things would happen in the year to the one who saw the rising full moon before others and talked about happiness of families while seeing the moon.

They used to say that a young man would get married to a beautiful and good-natured young woman and a newly-married woman would give birth to a healthy son if they saw the full moon before others .

That is why they would give the road to such a man or woman in welcoming the first full moon so that they could see it before others.

During the holiday, people played various folk games, typically, kite-flying, pinwheel turning and tug of war.

Also, they enjoyed themselves cooking and sharing traditional foods.

The representative foods for the day were ogokpap (boiled rice mixed with four other grains), pokssam and dishes made with nine dried herbs.

The Korean people boiled and ate rice mixed with four other grains on the holiday because it is good for health and they had a simple desire for good harvests of all cereals.

Pokssam is boiled rice wrapped with leaves of salted perilla, dried aster and bok choy kimchi.

On the holiday the Korean people ate ssam (boiled rice wrapped with leaves of vegetables) as they believed they would have good luck if they ate the food that day, so they called it pokssam (pok means good luck).

Nine dried herbs meant no certain herbs but different kinds or lots of herbs in relation to the number nine.

The kinds of the herbs varied by regions but the people generally panbroiled or seasoned mushrooms, bracken, broad bellflower roots, flowering fern, aralia shoots and others.

People said that only when they eat dishes made with nine dried herbs on the holiday, can they be unaffected by summer heat and be in good health throughout the year.

In addition, they made and ate noodles for lunch on January 14 by the lunar calendar.

And they believed that if they crunched raw chestnut, walnut, gingko nut or pine nut, their teeth would become strong.

The Koreans impressively spent Jongwoldaeborum conducting a variety of merry and interesting folk games and ceremonies, with the earnest desire and hope for good luck, good harvest and good haul of fish in the new year.

The impressions of the holiday remained in the memory of people as pleasant subjects of conversation, encouraging them in the laborious farming season.

Today, the Korean people still celebrate Jongwoldaeborum as a traditional holiday every year and the holiday and the custom of welcoming the first full moon were registered as national ICH elements.

More From Pyongyang Times

Iran decries double standards of G7

Iran decries double standards of G7

A spokesman for the Iranian Foreign Ministry on April 18 rejected the double-dealing of the Group of Seven. Referring to the fact

April 22, 2024

A spokesman for the Iranian Foreign Ministry on April 18 rejected the double-dealing of the Group of Seven. Referring to the fact

Chinese FM rejects Japanese interference in internal affairs

Chinese FM rejects Japanese interference in internal affairs

A spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry rejected Japan’s criticism against the country in a press conference on April 16.

April 22, 2024

A spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry rejected Japan’s criticism against the country in a press conference on April 16.

Russia censures US for nasty trick

Russia censures US for nasty trick

The Russian permanent first deputy representative to the UN denounced the US’ shameless behaviour at the UNSC meeting on April

April 22, 2024

The Russian permanent first deputy representative to the UN denounced the US’ shameless behaviour at the UNSC meeting on April

Women bring honour to Taekwon-Do homeland

Women bring honour to Taekwon-Do homeland

From mountain village girl to world’s Taekwon-Do queen Jang Kyong Ok, winner of Kim Il Sung Youth Honour Prize, Labour Hero and

April 22, 2024

From mountain village girl to world’s Taekwon-Do queen Jang Kyong Ok, winner of Kim Il Sung Youth Honour Prize, Labour Hero and

Delegation of Agricultural Commission leaves for Russia

Delegation of Agricultural Commission leaves for Russia

A delegation of the Agricultural Commission led by Ri Chol Man, vice-premier and concurrently chairman of the Agricultural

April 22, 2024

A delegation of the Agricultural Commission led by Ri Chol Man, vice-premier and concurrently chairman of the Agricultural

National festival of science and technology to be held

National festival of science and technology to be held

The 37th National Festival of Science and Technology will be held at the Sci-Tech Complex in Pyongyang from April 26. The

April 22, 2024

The 37th National Festival of Science and Technology will be held at the Sci-Tech Complex in Pyongyang from April 26. The

Farmers move into new houses in Pobu Farm of Kaechon

Farmers move into new houses in Pobu Farm of Kaechon

A fairyland-like village has been built at the Pobu Farm in Kaechon City of South Phyongan Province. A meeting for moving into new

April 22, 2024

A fairyland-like village has been built at the Pobu Farm in Kaechon City of South Phyongan Province. A meeting for moving into new

Holy house of homeland of Taekwon-Do

Holy house of homeland of Taekwon-Do

The grand Taekwon-Do Holy House whose roof is covered with red tiles nestles in a thickly wooded forest in Sports Village on

April 22, 2024

The grand Taekwon-Do Holy House whose roof is covered with red tiles nestles in a thickly wooded forest in Sports Village on

Vice foreign minister of Belarus leaves Pyongyang

Vice foreign minister of Belarus leaves Pyongyang

Yevgeny Shestakov, vice foreign minister of Belarus, and his party left Pyongyang for home on April 19.

April 21, 2024

Yevgeny Shestakov, vice foreign minister of Belarus, and his party left Pyongyang for home on April 19.

State commendations awarded to Taekwon-Do players and coaches

State commendations awarded to Taekwon-Do players and coaches

State commendations were awarded to the players and coaches, who proved successful at the 22nd Taekwon-Do World Championships, and

April 21, 2024

State commendations were awarded to the players and coaches, who proved successful at the 22nd Taekwon-Do World Championships, and

Sports games of health workers open

Sports games of health workers open

The 11th Sports Games of Public Health Workers opened in Pyongyang. The sports contest will be held at Pyongyang Indoor Stadium

April 21, 2024

The 11th Sports Games of Public Health Workers opened in Pyongyang. The sports contest will be held at Pyongyang Indoor Stadium

Delegation of DPRK Ministry of Forestry leaves for Russia

Delegation of DPRK Ministry of Forestry leaves for Russia

A delegation of the DPRK Ministry of Forestry led by its Department Director Han Yong Ho left Pyongyang by air on April 19 to

April 21, 2024

A delegation of the DPRK Ministry of Forestry led by its Department Director Han Yong Ho left Pyongyang by air on April 19 to

School opening ceremonies draw nationwide attention

School opening ceremonies draw nationwide attention

Opening ceremonies of the new school year simultaneously took place at all educational institutions across the DPRK on April 1.

April 21, 2024

Opening ceremonies of the new school year simultaneously took place at all educational institutions across the DPRK on April 1.

Japan’s arms buildup arouses international concern

Japan’s arms buildup arouses international concern

On March 28, the budget for 2024 was approved by a majority of the ruling party and others at the full-dress session of the House

April 21, 2024

On March 28, the budget for 2024 was approved by a majority of the ruling party and others at the full-dress session of the House

Tailor shop lures many customers

Tailor shop lures many customers

The employees of the Mirae Tailor Shop on Mirae Scientists Street are very busy now. Because with the change of season many

April 21, 2024

The employees of the Mirae Tailor Shop on Mirae Scientists Street are very busy now. Because with the change of season many

National sci-tech presentation in field of beauty culture held

National sci-tech presentation in field of beauty culture held

A national scientific and technological presentation in the field of beauty culture took place at the Munsu Health Complex in

April 21, 2024

A national scientific and technological presentation in the field of beauty culture took place at the Munsu Health Complex in

Moving into new houses in full swing in new street of Pyongyang

Moving into new houses in full swing in new street of Pyongyang

The flourishing socialist living space, which comprehensively reflects the noble love of the great Workers' Party of Korea Central

April 21, 2024

The flourishing socialist living space, which comprehensively reflects the noble love of the great Workers' Party of Korea Central

More Articles