The first party organization—the society for rallying comrades, the origin of the Workers’ Party of Korea, was formed in 1930.
President Kim Il Sung, who embarked on the road of revolution with a great ambition to win back his country deprived of by the Japanese imperialists, pushed ahead with the preparations for founding a new type of party. It was when he heard that the Korean Communist Party had been expelled from the Comintern that he started groping the way for founding a new type of party.
The Korean Communist Party, founded in April 1925, ended its existence in 1928 owing to the cruel suppression of the Japanese imperialists who occupied Korea by force of arms (1905-1945) and the factional strife for hegemony within the party. The Comintern pronounced the withdrawal of its recognition of the Korean Communist Party and instructed to reorganize it. According to its principle of one party for one country, it demanded that the Korean communists in Manchuria and Japan convert to the party of the country of their residence.
At that time, Kim Il Sung was conducting his revolutionary activities in Manchuria of China.
On the plea of following the instructions of the Comintern, we cannot abandon the building of our own party and live in a rented room for ever. Koreans must have a party for Koreans. This was his view and standpoint with regard to the problem of converting to another party.
In order to found a party that conformed to the specific conditions of the Korean revolution, it was essential to set up basic party organizations first with communists of the new generation as the backbone and then steadily expand them. He considered it the most suitable and realistic method of founding a party.
Proceeding from this, he formed the first party organization with young revolutionaries of the new generation he had trained through many years of revolutionary activities in Kalun on July 3, 1930. The name of the first party organization, the Society for Rallying Comrades, embodied his high ambition and will to advance and accomplish the Korean revolution by discovering and rallying comrades who were determined to share their fate with him.
The members of the society were only some ten young people.
After the formation of the first party organization, many primary party organizations were formed in Onsong and other northernmost part of Korea along the Tuman River and in many regions of Manchuria.
The struggle for founding a party gained momentum with the launch of the anti-Japanese armed struggle. Party organizations at all levels were formed in the anti-Japanese armed units and guerrilla zones and their functions and role steadily enhanced. Party organizations were also formed in the northern border areas of Korea and the Korean residential districts in northeast China.
The formation of the party committee of the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army in May 1934 was great significance in the Korean communist movement and the building of the Workers’ Party of Korea. With this as a momentum, a unified organizational leadership system was established over party organizations at all levels and the anti-Japanese armed struggle and the building of party organizations could be promoted more briskly in reliance upon the more organized internal revolutionary forces.
The Workers’ Party of Korea was founded in October 1945 less than two months after Korea’s liberation in August 1945 on the basis of such achievements and experience gained during the period of the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle.