The Japanese imperialists, who occupied Korea by force of arms in 1905, enforced a colonial oppressive policy, mercilessly trampling down on the Korean people’s elementary right to existence.
The Korean people from all walks of life launched various forms of anti-Japanese struggle in different parts of the country, including volunteers’ struggle, Independence Army movement and uprisings.
But they could not avoid failure as they fought separately without any correct strategy and tactics.
In order to save the destiny of his ruined nation, it was necessary to found an army of a new type that could fight against the armed enemies with armed force.
Comrade Kim Il Sung put forward a line on launching an armed struggle at the Kalun Meeting (June 30 to July 2, 1930) and made preparations to this end.
At that time there were no military manual or experience for the Korean revolutionaries to learn from in launching the armed struggle, and they had not enough weapons. This being the situation, he decided to form a temporary political and paramilitary organization.
The ceremony of founding the Korean Revolutionary Army (KRA) took place in the yard of Samgwang School in Guyushu on July 6, 1930.
At the ceremony he made a speech, titled, “On the Mission and Basic Tasks of the Korean Revolutionary Army”.
The mission and basic tasks of the KRA were to train the backbone for the armed struggle through vigorous political and military activities, to secure weapons and accumulate military experience needed for armed struggle and to make full preparations for organized anti-Japanese armed struggle by closely uniting broad sections of the masses.
The KRA was formed of several units. Each member of the KRA was awarded a weapon and a red belt stamped with a word “Korean Revolutionary Army”.
The armed groups dispatched to various areas and several places in Korea built up bases for their activities and laid mass foundations for armed struggle by enlightening and awakening broad sections of the masses in various forms and methods, including operation of day and evening schools and activities of art propaganda troupes. They also secured many weapons by making small-scale fightings and accumulated military experience for armed struggle.
The members of the KRA became the hardcore of the Anti-Japanese People’s Guerrilla Army which was founded on April 25, 1932.