The name of Moran Hill, a scenic attraction of Pyongyang, is derived from its peaks whose appearance resembles a blooming peony.
The hill is thickly wooded with more than 200 species of plants, including pine, pine-nut, acacia, peach tree, chestnut, azalea, magnolia and rose. It is a habitat for such animals as pheasants and squirrels, and over 70 species of which are birds. It presents conspicuous scenes as a variety of flowers are in full bloom in spring. It is thickly covered with green foliage in summer and puts on autumnal tints in autumn. Enjoying spring on the Ulmil Pavilion and viewing the first full moon on the Pubyok Pavilion have been rated as one of the eight famous views in Pyongyang.
On the hill there are historical remains in the period of Koguryo which existed between 277 BC and AD 668, namely Ulmil, Choesung and Chongnyu pavilions, Hyonmu Gate, etc. and such natural monuments as Japanese pagoda tree on Chongnyu Cliff and the tree fossil on Moran Hill.
Moran Hill with a time-honoured history and culture lost its original features during the period when the Japanese imperialists occupied Korea (1905-1945).
On March 2, Juche 35 (1946), the following year when the country was liberated from the Japanese military rule, President Kim Il Sung climbed Moran Hill and made the rounds of different places. He told officials that trees and flowers should be planted in large numbers in the hill. He unfolded a plan of turning the hill into an excellent cultural resort for Pyongyang citizens, saying the hill should be built into a park as there were few worth mentioning in Pyongyang.
Later, the hill was translated into a cultural resort and pleasure ground for the people. In and around it, there are Kim Il Sung Stadium, volleyball and basketball courts, Korean wrestling ground and other sports facilities, and such cultural establishments as the Moranbong Theatre, Pyongyang Municipal Youth Park Open-Air Theatre, Amusement Park of Kaeson Youth Park, folk game ground, botanical exhibition hall and small-sized zoo.
The DPRK designated March 2, when the President climbed Moran Hill to unfold a plan of turning the country’s mountains into green woods, as Tree-Planting Day.
The work of afforesting and landscaping the whole country goes full steam ahead in the country.