The anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle waged by the Korean people in the last century was the harshest and arduous war in which they had to overcome severe ordeals and trials unprecedented in history and beyond human imagination.
Kim Il Sung , who embarked on the road of revolution in his teens, led the Korean revolution to victory, always in the vanguard of life-or-death battles during the 20-year-long bloody war until he accomplished the historic cause of national liberation.
The following happened when he was on the expedition to north Manchuria leading the fledgling Guerrilla Army.
The anti-Japanese guerrilla army, whose members decreased from 40 to 18 on the Heights of Luozigou in December 1932, hardly advanced due to the severe cold and heavy snow.
The uniforms they had been wearing since their departure were all torn, revealing their skins and the enemy chased them even by mobilizing airplanes. There was no guarantee for the 10-odd-person guerrilla army to overcome the adversity.
At this time Kim Il Sung determinedly rose with the thought that if they succumbed, Korea would not revive and history had not yet given them the right to die and with a high sense of responsibility for the Korean revolution.
Recollecting those days, he said in his reminiscences With the Century : If I had thought there would be people to save Korea after we had died, we would have been buried under the snow on the heights of Luozigou, never to rise again.
In January 1935, Kim Il Sung , who had broken through the tenaciously besieging enemy forces while withstanding hunger and cold, was unexpectedly attacked by a chill on the Tianqiaoling pass. He managed to recover consciousness when the guerrillas burst out sobbing, writhing in despair. Then he encouraged them, saying: All of us should harden our heart. We should think of the country and the revolution first in any circumstances. How can we die with the country left in a sea of blood? We cannot die and have no right to do.
The snowstorm was raging and his fever was fluctuating at 40 ℃. Kim Il Sung , however, composed a song. It was the immortal classic work Song of Anti-Japanese War .
Recorded in the history of the Korean people’s anti-Japanese war are the battle to defend the guerrilla zone in China’s Xiaowangqing in which the Koreans beat the enemy force equipped with large guns and aircraft, the arduous march in which the anti-Japanese fighters managed to stand harsh trials unprecedented in history and other difficulties and ordeals that testify to the arduousness and fierceness of the anti-Japanese war.
In those days, Kim Il Sung instilled ardent patriotism in the soldiers whenever they were in difficulties and led the army with warm love for them.
With the confidence that they would surely win as long as they were led by the Commander Kim Il Sung and with a do-or-die spirit to defeat the enemy, no matter how often they might fall, the anti-Japanese revolutionary fighters achieved the historic cause of national liberation on August 15, 1945 by waging the anti-Japanese war under his leadership.
The immortal exploits of Kim Il Sung who achieved the long-cherished desire of the nation by waging the long bloody anti-Japanese war shine along with the prosperous socialist Korea.