June 17 is Desertification & Drought Day. The theme for this years’ D&D Day is “Restoration. Land. Recovery. We build back better with healthy land”.
The restoration of land plays an important role in dealing with climate change, protecting biodiversity, maintaining important ecosystem service (benefit provided by nature) and finally ensuring common prosperity and welfare.
The recovery of degraded ecosystem will help weaken climate change and build up the resistance of nature to natural disasters and extreme weather conditions like wildfire, drought, flood and sand dust.
Experts on environmental protection argue that the recovery of damaged ecological environment will help reduce contacts between the living areas of wild animals and people and provide a natural buffer against zoonotic diseases.
The executive secretary of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification said that the restoration of degraded land into ideal one is urgently needed for all humankind. They are now entering the UN decade on ecosystem restoration and they must not miss the real opportunity to recover from the damage caused by COVID-19 and build a better world, he noted, adding that if all countries join efforts to restore nearly 800 million hectares of degraded land, a goal to be attained by 2030, they can save humankind and the planet from the growing threat.
In the DPRK a series of measures have been taken to restore the degraded forests and farmland and improve the functions and productivity of ecosystem in step with global efforts to prevent the degradation of land.
The 2015-2024 long-term afforestation plan and 2014-2023 agro-forestry management strategy have been put into effect and policy and legal framework strengthened to protect agro-ecosystem and sustainably enhance its productivity.
A nationwide forest restoration campaign was launched in 2015. Since then well over a million hectares of forests have been restored and hundreds of millions of tree saplings produced every year. Particular attention has been paid to raising the rooting rate of planted trees to continue to increase forest resources.
Animal reserves have been built in all provinces, cities and counties to protect and multiply wild animal and plant resources.
Projects are now going full steam ahead across the country to dredge the river bottom, raise the level of river banks and cover them with stones in the areas with a high risk of flood damage as the major task for this year in an effort to minimize flood damage according to yearly plans.