After Korea’s liberation on August 15, 1945, President Kim Il Sung paid special attention to taking care of women, who accounted for half of the country’s population, in order to help them make a tangible contribution to the building of a new country.
One October day in Juche 34 (1945), he met an official of the women’s liberation union to discuss problems related to the union. After acquainting himself with the fact that women could not take part in the work of building the state as they had no one to take care of their children, he was lost in deep thought for a while and stressed the need to build nurseries for them.
He explained to the wide-eyed official as follows:
Only speaking about equality does not mean that women are equal to men. In fact, women cannot be equal to men as they are given equal rights with men by law. Therefore, all women should not confine themselves to their houses but take part in the building of a new country together with men, free from heavy burdens of household chores. It is necessary to build nurseries in order to encourage women to enter society.
The official said the Korean women would be very happy.
She could hardly repress her surging emotion as she was filled with gratitude to Kim Il Sung who put the Korean women, who had been subjected to all sorts of maltreatment and deprivation of rights, as the fully-fledged masters of the country.
As a result, the first nursery was built. Later, many other nurseries began to mushroom in different parts of the country and rendered a great help for women to take an active part in building a new society, free from heavy burdens of household chores.
Today, the nursery, as a childcare and educational institution for bringing up prekindergarten children, can be found in all dwelling districts of urban and rural areas and near the workplaces of women. The state bears full responsibilities for providing everything necessary for the upbringing and education of children.
Nurseries bring up and educate children of all working women, free of charge, regardless of their social positions and jobs and the quantities and qualities of work done and according to their hope.