Mt Taesong, a scenic spot in Pyongyang, abounds with historical remains and relics associated with the intelligence and talents of the Korean nation.
Most of them date back to the period between the 3rd century and the mid-7th century, when Koguryo (277 BC-AD 668), the first feudal state of Korea, advanced to the Pyongyang area.
Most representative is the Taesongsan Fort that was built around the 3rd century to serve as a base for Koguryo in advancing southward and defending Pyongyang after it became the capital.
The fort was built by linking the peaks of Somun, Ulji, Jangsu, Pukjang, Kuksa and Jujak, measuring over 7 000 metres in circumference. Rugged mountains rise in the northern part of the fort, steep slopes lie in the eastern and western parts, and the double walls are built in the southern part to reinforce the fort.
Unearthed in the fort were sites of over 20 gates, 65 bastions, granaries, terraces, barracks and arsenals.
At present 200m-long walls on Somun Peak and Nam Gate are in their original state.
There is the site of Anhak Palace, royal palace of Koguryo between 427 and 586, at the southern foot of Mt Taesong.
The palace was surrounded by the earth-and-stone wall in a square with each side being 622 metres long. There are also gate sites in four directions.
Inside the palace there were many buildings with a total floor space of 31 458 square metres, and several thousand cornerstones and their sites are visible at present.
Kwangbop Temple, a Buddhist temple built in the reign of King Kwanggaetho (374-412) of Koguryo, is preserved in Mt Taesong. It was bombed down by the imperialists during the Fatherland Liberation War (June 1950-July 1953) and restored to its original state in 1990.
Also found in the Mt Taesong area are over 1 000 tombs dating back to the Koguryo period.
Most of them are either earthen tombs with stone chamber or stone tombs, and there are mural paintings of persons, horses, carts, Hyonmu (tortoise and serpent), warrior on an armoured horseback and so on.
Historical relicts in Mt Taesong are well preserved as valuable cultural heritage that shows social system and the life and customs of the people in those days.